Trade between Germany and China has been growing continuously over the past years. In 2019, China was Germany's most important trading partner for the third consecutive year with a total trade volume of 199.3 billion euros. Traded goods – mostly from high-tech and innovative sectors – include motor vehicles and components, machinery, electrical engineering, consumer and chemical products as well as IT and communications goods.


Since 2008, Germany and China have been working together closely to increase product safety in both countries and to promote the development of a bilaterally and internationally coordinated quality infrastructure dialogue.


This goal was reaffirmed in 2019 with a Joint Declaration between the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy (BMWi) and the Chinese State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR). It serves as the foundation for continued cooperation on quality infrastructure in the Sino-German Working Group Product Safety and the Sino-German Working Group Accreditation and Conformity Assessment, as well as the Sino-German Standardisation Cooperation Commission (SGSCC).


The political dialogue mechanisms involve relevant ministries, regulators, public agencies, accreditation and standardisation bodies, industry associations and corporations from both countries. On the Chinese side, additional political partners include the SAMR sub-agencies Standardization Administration of China (SAC) and China National Certification and Accreditation Administration (CNCA) as well as the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation (MOFCOM) and the Cyperspace Administration of China (CAC).


The Chinese and German partners and stakeholders address market access concerns of the industry, and thereby improve business conditions and bilateral trade. Topics range from Industrie 4.0, machinery safety, medical devices, e-commerce and electro mobility to cyber security, IT security and data protection.


On 22 May 2020, the annual government work report was published at the so-called "Two Sessions" of the National People's Congress (NPC) and the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). In order to implement the major tasks for 2020 set out in the work report, the State Council issued relevant guidelines on 6 June 2020. The guidelines designate specific ministries responsible for each priority area.

Exports of medical devices and personal protective equipment (PPE) such as masks and protective clothing from China have increased sharply due to COVID-19. Following media reports on defective products arriving in Europe from China, the Chinese government began tightening export conditions and export controls for relevant product groups at the end of March 2020. In some cases, the new regulations led to considerable challenges for foreign companies and exporters. In response to these problems, the Chinese side modified the regulations at the end of April 2020.


Currently there are no events.


Jan-Patrick Schnell

Head of Country Component China
Sino-German Quality Infrastructure Project


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Tayuan Diplomatic Office Building
Room 1-13-1
No. 14, Liangmahe Nanlu, Chaoyang District
100600 Beijing, PR China


Phone: +86 10 85 32 47 58


On 17 September 2019, the National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) circulated a call for comments on the “Notice to matters related to the first batch implementation of UDI for medical devices”1. The deadline for comments is 25 September 2019.


Following the publication of the regulations for the UDI-system on 27 August 2019, the draft notice specifies the first step in the step-by-step implementation plan for UDI in China. It includes a product catalogue for the first batch of products requiring UDI, covering certain high-risk, class III devices.


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On 27 August 2019, the National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) published the Regulations for the Unique Device Identifier (UDI) System for Medical Devices (announced in Circular [2019] No. 66) along with an interpretation. The regulations will enter into force on 1 October 2019, while actual implementation is to take place step-by-step based on risk classifications. More specific information on this step-by-step implementation, however, is still to follow.



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GPQI Supports German and Chinese authorities to ensure product quality of personal protective equipment and critical medical supplies for COVID-19 response.

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Recent years have witnessed robust growth of cross-border e-commerce in China. According to the China E-Commerce Report published by the Ministry of Commerce, the cross-border e-commerce growth rate has accelerated since Alibaba’s initial public offering in the United States of America at the end of 2014, to an annual growth rate of 30%.


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